Fasting is one of the Five Pillars of Islam, and it is observed by Muslims during the holy month of Ramadan. It is a period of spiritual reflection, self-improvement, and increased devotion to God.
During Ramadan, Muslims abstain from food, drink, smoking, and other physical needs from dawn until sunset. Fasting is not just about refraining from food and drink, but also about controlling one’s thoughts, actions, and desires.
Fasting is an act of worship and obedience to God. It is a way to purify the soul and seek forgiveness for one’s sins. It also teaches patience, discipline, and self-control.
The fast is broken at sunset with dates and water, followed by a meal called iftar. Muslims usually gather with family and friends to break their fast together.
Fasting is not only observed during Ramadan. Muslims are also encouraged to fast on Mondays and Thursdays, as well as on the 13th, 14th, and 15th of each lunar month. Fasting can also be performed as an act of voluntary worship, such as during the six days of Shawwal after Ramadan.
However, fasting is not obligatory for certain groups of people, such as children, the elderly, the sick, travelers, and women who are pregnant, breastfeeding, or menstruating. They are exempted from fasting, but they can make up the missed days at a later time.